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Teenagers Dancing At The Party

ABUSE OF SUBSTANCES BY TEENAGERS

Substance abuse in teenagers is becoming a growing problem in the United States. On the news this morning, it was reported that a teenage girl was found on a ledge in the playground passed-out. It appears that she and her friends had a party drinking four loco and other alcoholic beverages. She was fortunate that a security person stopped one of the teens because of erractic behavior. After searching him and finding marijuana and four loco in his possession. They looked at his phone and on the phone was a picture of the girl. The officer was able to locate her and get her some medical assistance.

It appears that her blood alcohol content was four time the legal limit. She survived and that is a good thing.

When it comes to teen substance abuse, it seems like we're always playing catch up. Anytime a new drug hits the street, its popularity soars, and we find ourselves fighting against it. At the same time, drugs that have been around for years sometimes rise sharply and unexpectedly in popularity. Why is that? There seems to be no rhyme or reason to either the increase or decrease, in drug use among teens. Though certain trends have been discovered over the years, the cause of those trends seems a mystery.

The primary factors that seem to affect increased or decreased drug use and abuse among teens are perceived risk, perceived social approval and perceived availability.

The more risky or less accepted a drug is thought to be, the less likely it will be used by teens. Perceived availability is often associated with overall social approval (peer pressure) and so, a drug that's readily available is considered socially acceptable and will likely increase in use. While these seem like common sense factors, how these perceptions are created is harder to understand.

DRUG USE AND TEEN STATISTICS

The negative effects of teen drug abuse are undeniable and obvious. When considering those negative effects, it is alarming to see some of the actual statistics concerning the amount of teen drug use in highschools and middle schools.

Alcohol is a dangerous drug especially to teens who are unfamiliar with its effects. What you should know is alcohol kills five times more teenagers than all other drugs combined. Here are some short statistics alarming as they may be associated with teen drug use and abuse.

*8th grade--30.3%

*10th grade--44.9% *12th grade--52.8%

Underage drinking costs the United States more than 58 billion dollars annually, enough for a new state of the art computer for every student. In the last 30 days 50% of teenagers report drinking with 32% being drunk at least on one occasion.

The challenge we face in curtailing teen drug use and abuse is that the perceived "benefits" of using a certain drug are known sooner and spread faster than perceived risks. The benefits of a drug (euphoria, the energy, the numbness) are immediately evident, and electronic forms of communication like blogs, chats, and text messages allow these positive experiences to be broadcast and spread quickly

In the mind of a young person, the "risk" of use and abuse has many dimensions. Not only do teens consider physical risk, but also emotional (acting inappropriately, or getting depressed, social, and aspirational. Physical risks include addiction, while social risks include disappointing friends or family, and losing friends. Aspirational risks include losing a job, or getting in trouble with the law.

Parents play a pivotal role in all this. The risk of a parent finding out about the teens drug use. The more important part is the parent talking to the teen concerning drug use and abuse Parents can prevent their children from using drugs by talking to them about drugs, open communication, role modeling, responsible behavior, and recognizing if problems are developing.

Drug use and abuse is associated with a variety of negative consequences, including increased risk of serious drug use later in life, school failure, and poor judgement which may put teens at risk for accidents, violence, unplanned and unsafe sex, and suicide.

WARNING SIGNS OF TEENAGE ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE MAY INCLUDE:

Physical: Fatigue, repeated health complaints, red and glazed eyes, and a lasting cough.

Emotional: Personality change, sudden mood changes, irritability, irresponsible behavior, low self-esteem, poor judgment, depression, and general lack of interest.

Family: Starting arguments, breaking rules, or withdrawing from the family.

School: Decreased interest, negative attitude, drop in grades, many absences, truancy, and discipline problems.

Social Problems: New friends who are less interested in standard home and school activities, problems with the law, and changes to less conventional styles in dress and music.

Some of the problems above can also be signs of other problems. Parents may recognize signs of trouble and possible abuse of alcohol and other drugs with their teenager. If you have concerns you may want to consult a physician to rule out physical causes of the warning signs. This should often be followed or accompanied by a comprehensive evaluation by a child and adolescent psychiatrist or mental health professional.

Abuse and Addiction is a normal occurrence when teens abuse alcohol and drugs

THIS IS A STRANGE PHENOMENA

2C-I or 2,5-dimethoxy-4iodophenethylamine is a psychedelic drug and phenethylamine of the 2C family. The drug is used recreationally as a stimulant, empathogen-entactogen and as an entheogen, but no official medical or industrial uses have been reported yet. 2C-1 is commonly sold in its hydrochloride salt form which is fluffy, sparkling white powder, which has also been pressed into tablet form.

In the early 2000s 2C-I was sold in Dutch smart shops, after 2C-B which was previously sold was banned. In April 2003, 2C-I was also banned in the Netherlands, along with three other 2C-x phenethylamines previously sold in Dutch smartshops for short periods of time. During the same period 2C-I also became available in powder form from several online vendors of research chemicals in the United States, Asia, and Western Europe. In 2002 and 2003, tablets of 2C-I were being sold in nightclubs and at raves in Denmark and in the United Kingdom as a club drug, this is definitely a drug of abuse.

In the United States, 2C-I has started to adopt the street name Isabel or Izzy. It has also been referred to as Zoom or simply Z for short

It is taken orally, although it can be also be snorted (though 2C-I often causes considerable pain upon snorting (insufflation) or administered rectally as well. It is also possible to smoke or vaporize it, although the dose required is higher. there have also been a few reports of intramuscular and intravenous injections. Intravenous doses should not be self administered due to the immediate onset of hallucinations and strong physical stimulation before the needle's plunger is fully depressed. An oral recreational dose of 2C-1 is commonly between 10mg and 25mg although doses as low as 2mg have been reported to be active.

The onset effects usually occurs within two hours,and the effects of the drug typically last somewhere in the range of 4 to 12 hours (depending on dose). The effects of the drug at small doses (less than 12mg) has been reported as more mental and less sensory than thos of 2C-B. Users of 2C-1 do, however tend to report a physical stimulant effect, often quite strong and clean. The effects of the drug at larger doses (12-30+mg) are often described as combining psychedelic or hallucinogenic effects typical of drugs such as LSD with the empathogenic or entactogenic effects of drugs such as Ectasy (MDMA).

Although unpleasant physical side effects such as muscle tension, nausea, and vomiting have been reported, their incidence in the use of 2C-I appears to be less common than in the use of some of the other closely related phenethylamines such as 2C-T-2 and 2C-T-7. Some physical effects include dilated pupils, high energy, and muscle relaxation. Users also report that heavy music, usually electronic, and other auditory stimulation is enjoyable.

SIDE EFFECTS

No deaths have been attributed to the drug. Several strong overdoses amounts (100+milligrams) have been survived. There have been no reports of physical dependence or addiction, which is predictable, as chemically similar compounds have exhibited little potential for dependency. If currently on drugs for hyperthyroidism continue with caution because 2C-I may interact with them. Large doses of 2C-I (45mg+), like other phenethylamines, may result in undesirable psychological effects, the persistence and severity of which are largely undocumented.

2C-I is an illegal, controlled substance in several European nations, including Denmark, Germany, Greece, Ireland, Italy, the Netherlands, Poland, Spain and the United Kingdom. In December 2003, the European Council issued a binding order compelling all EU member states to ban 2C-I within three months. 2C-I is an unscheduled and unregulated in the United States, but is a potential analog of 2C-B (which is schedule I), and as such sale for human consumption or possession to ingest or use for illicit non-medical or industrial intents and purposes could be prosecuted as crimes under the Federal Analog Act. It is also a controlled substance in Argentina as well as 2C-B and 2c-T-2.

2C-I comes in a few forms a powder, liquid, or in a pill form----It can be smoked, snorted, given rectally (called shelfing) there has been a few reports of this drug being taken intravenously but on a whole the main way of taking this drug is orally...After taken the drug will show effects within the hour... ...These can last anywhere up to 12 hours depending on the amount taken...It is a synthetic hallucinogenic drug and gives similar effects to Isd...The user feels...happy...energetic, the reality of things you see has changed.

The main danger I think that comes with this drug is its availability online. Another reason to be aware of what our kids are doing online and another reason to Talk, Talk, Talk.......

Positive Findings

Cigarette smoking is at its lowest point in the history of the 1975 Monitoring the Future (MTF) survey. On all measures among student in grade 8, 10 and 12. These findings are particularly noteworthy since tobacco addiction is one of the leading preventable contributors to many of our nation's health problems

Between 2004 and 2009, a drop in past year of use of methamphetamine was reported for all grades, and lifetime use dropped significantly among 8th graders. Among 10th and 12th graders, 5 year decline were reported of amphetamines and cocaine. Among 12th graders, past-year use of cocaine decreased significantly from 4.4 to 3.4 percent.

From 2004 to 2009, decreases were observed in lifetime, past year, past month and binge use of alcohol across the three grades.

In 2009, 12th graders reported declines in use across several survey measures of hallucinogens

AREAS OF CONCERN

Marijuana use across the three grades has shown consistent decline sine the mid-1990s. However with prevalence rates remaing steady over the last 5 years.

Past year nonmedical use of vicodin and oxycontin increased during the last 5 years among 10th graders and remained unchanged among 8th and 12th graders. Nearly 1 in 10 high school seniors reported nonmedical use of vicodin; 1 in 20 reported abuse of oxycontin.

When asked how prescription drugs were obtained for nonmedical use, about 50 percent of 12th graders said they were given the drugs or bought them from a friend or relative. 30 percent reported receiving a prescription for them, and another number of 12 graders reported purchasing the drugs over the Internet.

SUICIDE

Suicide is the act of a human being intentionally causing his or her own death. Suicide "To Kill Oneself" is often committed out of despair, or attributed to some underlying mental disorder which includes depression, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia, alcoholism, and drug abuse. Financial difficulties, troubles with interpersonal relationships and other undesirable situations play a significant role.

Over one million people commit suicide every year. The World Health Organization estimates that it is the thirteenth leading cause of death worldwide and the National Safety Council rates it sixth in the UnitedStates. It is a leading cause of death among teenagers and adults under 35. Rates of suicide are higher in men than in women. There are an estimated 10 to 20 million non-fatal attempted suicides every year worldwide.

Views on suicide have been influenced by broader cultural views on existential themes such as religion, honor, and the meaning of life. The Abrahamic religions consider suicide an offense towards God due to religious beliefs in the santity of life. In the West it was often regarded as a serious crime. During the Samurai era in Japan, seppuku was respected as a means of atonement for failure or as a form of protest.In the 20th century, suicide in the form of self-immolation has been used as a form of protest, and in the form of kamikaze and suicide bombing as a military or terroristic tactic. Sati is a funeral practice in which the widow would immolate herself on her husband's pyre, either willingly, or under pressure from the family and in-laws.

Medically assisted suicide (euthanasia, or the right to die) is currently a controversial ethical issue involving people who are terminally ill, extreme pain, or have (perceived or construed) minimal quality of life through injury or illness. Self-sacrifice for others is not always considered suicide, as the goal is not to kill oneself but to save another.

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Link To Suicide Do Not Kill Your Self, Life Is Good

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